My ambition to film underwater
This page was first written in 2008. A lot has changed since then,
computers are faster, Blu-ray players have been invented and high definition
is here to stay. It is now 2017 and time for a revision.
Many years ago I bought an Ikelite housing for my Canon A80 stills camera.
Suddenly my enjoyment for diving was given a new lease of life. These
housings had dropped in price and were affordable. Within a year a third
of my club’s members had a camera housing. Over a beer at the
end of the day we no longer recounted our day’s diving adventure
but merely passed the cameras around with a “look what I got!”.
My problem is that I prefer to video. Stills are great but there is
nothing like the “talkies” to see what happened next. In
2007 I started my research. I looked into suitable cameras and video
housings to match.
Choosing the right equipment
Given that I was entry level to the world of underwater video the criteria
I worked to was as follows:
- I needed ahigh def domestic camcorder
- Some form of remote control.
- It needed to have a reasonable number of manual controls: Focus,
Zoom, Exposure, White Balance etc.
- It must be able to have a wide angle lens fitted or have a lens
that is already very wide
- The record media must be editable on a laptop, reasonably priced
and give at least 45 minutes record time
- It must have reasonable battery life
The Video housing
- Good build quality – you don’t want it flooding
- A good optical port
- A wide range of remote controls for the camera
- Can have an exterior light fitted
- REASONABLY PRICED – I’m not made of money
The record media options available
Good research is important whenever you propose to spend a lot of money
on something you know little about. The best research tool is the Internet.
Do some Google searches for best video camera or housing and you’ll
start to see a pattern emerge of equipment on the market. You can then
refine your search looking at the features to see if it fits your criteria.
Try going into some video forums and ask questions.
There are loads of Camcorders on the market and at the time there was
perhaps four different types of media they can record on to.
Tape! Yes tape. It was cheap, reliable and records HD. Unlike flash
cards and hard drives where video files are quickly transferred
to the PC, for tape you have to play the tape back and ingest the
material in real time using a firwire cable. At the time it was
a great media but is now superceded by flash and hard drives. My
first camera was a DV tape type.
DVD Optical Disk
Great if you just want to pop into your player and watch but useless
if you want to edit the material. This is a publishing format only.
Solid state hard drive
Internal memory. These drives are great. They are electronic with
no moving parts so are quite robust. They record in AVC-HD Mp4 so
you get loads of recording time. Of course if you fill the drive
that's it untill you can get to a laptop to download. My new camera
has a 32Gb SSD and will record for 2h44m
The cost of the cards has dropped dramatically and at the same time
the memory size has increased. The recording format is often AVC-HD
Mp4 which is an excellent compression that packs loads of video
in a small amount of space. You can often choose the file compressed
in terms of bit rate, the higher the rate the better the quality
of the videeo.These SDHC cards are also pretty much indestructible.
I have seen cameras flood and the flash card is still readable.
Buy a good selection and you can change them each day and never
run out of space. The one thing you need to look out for is the
maximum transfer rate of the card. My camera maximum record data
rate is 24Mbs. I use cards that are rated at 45Mbs. To my mind the
ideal card capacity is 32Gb.
The Camera options available
Bearing in mind that I made my decision some years ago before SDHC cards
had been developed I concluded that miniDV was the way to go. Very few
domestic cameras have a remote control socket (LANc socket). LANc remote
control is a Sony product that was used by Canon. The winner by a hair’s
breadth back then was the Sony HC9, a miniDV tape camcorder.
In 2013 it was time to upgrade. Camcorders had improved dramatically.
The criterior I looked for in my next camera was:
- Must have the Sony Lanc control.
- Needed a wide angle lens
- Internal flash memory plus a SDHC card slot
- Very good optics with image stabilisation
- External microphone input
- Excellent low light performance
The winner was the Sony
PJ780VE. This camera has a very wide lens with optical stabilisation.
Through the lanc control you can get to all the camera settings and
fuctions so has better control than my old camera. No longer do I need
to ingest tape, I just transfer the files. Finally the quality of video
Wide angle lens
Using a wide angle lens adapter usually softens the image a little
particularly at the edges. There are not a great number of options here.
You can buy a Sony own, but they are not cheap. In my time I have bought
two W/A lenses for my old camera.
The first was a Raynox
HD-5050PRO 0.5X, bought my for under £50. The snag is that
you have to use a thread adapter to fit it to the camera. On very wide
angles the adapter can be seen cutting off the corners of the picture.
As a lens the quality is not bad for something so cheap.
The second lens is much better. I bought a Besel
WA37 from the the digitaltoyshop.
You get two lenses combined; a wide angle and a macro. At the moment
it cost £67.There is no thread adapter as it attaches directly
to the camera so no corner cut-offs.
Fortunately the Sony
PJ780VE has a wider lens than my old camera with the Besel
WA37, so I won't be buying another.
The Underwater Housing options
There is a vast array of housings out there from very basic to quite
sophisticated. The average price for the reputed makes is between £850-£2500,
depending on whether it has mechanical or electronic controls. See the
list of manufacturers below.
Remembering my criteria above the first question was the remote control.
You can have either mechanical or electronic.
Lots of holes with rods and levers to move the switches and knobs
on your camcorder. There are several flaws with this and only one
As you dive water pressure builds up on the outside of your housing.
The levers can become a little stiff as they are forced in. I was
worried that they might cause damage to the camcorder’s touch
screen. So many holes in a housing also means the risk of flooding
The housing also has to be designed for the camera so that the actuating
levers line up with the buttons and screen. How long does a camera
model remain on the market? It does have the advantage that you
can get to functions such as colour balance and exposure.
Ok I’m an electronics engineer so I’m biased. Electronics
allows for a much more extended range of control provided you have
a camera that allows it. You need a minimum number of holes in the
housing perhaps for the cable entry. Using magnets and reed switches
it is possible to have a housing with no holes. Risk of flooding
Providing a replacement camera has the same LANc remote control
interface the housing can be used with a wide range of cameras.
In my case that limits me to Sony or Canon cameras.
The housing of choice
I looked at quite a range. One of the best was Undersea Video Housings,
but the cost was high. Eventually I found a company in Gloucestershire
Products. Tony Birchley makes a well engineered housing with a basic
electronic Sony LANc control. The design is a tube with a flat Perspex
viewing port that can take a range of cameras. It can be taylor made
to fit the size of the camera. There are also a range of lighting accessories.
Most importantly it was only £372 at the time!
When I first started only the most expensive professional software
could handle Mp4 files and high definition video. A lot has changed
over the years. Computers are amazingly fast these days. To decide on
the editing software you first have to decide on Apple or Microsoft.
There is no doubt that Apple is still the big player in graphics and
video manipulation but there are now a number of very good editing packages
that will operate well on PC or Mac.
I made my choice in the normal way of searching the reviews on the
Internet. My final choice was Adobe Premier Elements 11. I bought it
as a bundle with Photoshop Elements from Amazon.
Underwater Video Housing Manufacturers
Leone Video Housings
Light & Motion